Beij, Williams and Zito, Inc.


Fine Art Memorials and Restoration in Connecticut Since 1870

Company History
Memorial Portfolio

Restoration Portfolio
Specialty Work

John Zito III works with fresh color matched mortar that has been laid into areas of loss on a deteriorated brownstone tablet (dark areas of stone). The wet areas are carefully cut back to the original height, then covered and cured for a week before any recarving of the missing original design takes place.

Restoration enjoyed its first wave of interest in Hartford in the 1890s, sparked by the Daughters of the American Revolution. The group restored many ancient brownstone memorial tablets that had been carved out of Portland Brownstone that started being quarried about 1700. Having lasted reasonably well for about 100 years, the memorials began to show signs of deterioration in the late 19th century. Over the years, the porous brownstone had readily absorbed and held large quantities of water through extreme temperature changes, causing deterioration of the natural binders that held the silica sand intact. With no fastener the sand fell apart, continuing to this day to be a cause of great loss of colonial sculptural art to the historic community.

The next distinct period of interest began when the technology of plastics and resins became available. Beginning in the 1950s and up into the 1970s, Beij, Williams and Zito undertook several restorations that are still in good shape today considering the incompatibility of the materials that were then used. As with the DAR in the 1890s, we did not consider the interaction of the foreign material with the brownstone over the years. Now, because of extensive laboratory research, we know that resins and polymers, as well as non-PH balanced cement, can cause more damage than good over the years when used as a filler or binder of brownstone in restoration attempts.

To date, Beij, Williams and Zito, Inc., has completed many notable restorations including the Civil War Memorial and the Governor Pitkin Tabletomb, Center Cemetery, East Hartford; the Ancient Burying Ground, Gold Street, Hartford, including the reproduction of the Founders of Hartford Obelisk; as well as various other restoration projects in ancient burying grounds in East Granby, Farmington, Rocky Hill, East Hartland, Norfolk, Suffield, Wethersfield, Simsbury, Tarriffville, East Haddam, Hartford, Middletown, Glastonbury, Manchester, among others.

BEFORE - This marble tablet was showing signs of heavy loss and biological growth. The iron pins that it was constructed with eventually rusted and split the marble apart. These were removed and the seams were patched with a special restoration mortar. As shown below, the results can be quite satisfactory.

Typical delamination of a shaft section of this brownstone obelisk

AFTER - the same ancient memorial tablet is now ready to endure many future winters after cleaning and reattachment of fragments. The old footing was replaced with new gravel for optimal drainage. Repointing on the joint will keep out water, ensuring longevity. Some stains, from the iron rust, are permanent and will never change.

BEFORE - area of loss requires fill to prevent further water damage.  As shown to the right, this issue is soon mitigated.

AFTER - the area is now securely filled with restoration mortar, keeping the rest of the stone intact. While not an ideal restoration, this conservation project will help maintain the current condition of this stone at a minimal cost.

150 Years of Service to Connecticut Families
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Sustainable Fine Art Sculpture, Memorials & Restorations
in Stone & Bronze in Connecticut since 1870

Beij, Williams and Zito, Inc.
PO Box 270409
West Hartford, CT 06127